Citing Sources

What is the difference between a  Bibliography, Works Cited, Works Consulted, and Reference List?

Not much.  All of these refer to a list of references you used in creating your document, project, or image.  Most teachers refer to the list as a Bibliography or Works Cited and require that you provide it with your assignment or project.

Why do I need one?

You must credit other people’s work!  If you are borrowing ideas, images, or wording from others, you must give credit to them otherwise you are plagiarizing…..that, and your teacher may not accept your assignment without one.  Refer to our plagiarism page for more info.

What is the difference between MLA and APA formats? Which one do I use?

The majority of your teachers want your references done in MLA (Modern Languages Association) format which is the most used and straightforward of the styles though a few may request it in  APA (American Psychological Association) format.   If you are unsure of which to use, choose MLA.

Where do I learn how to make one?

You can consult your student planner or the links below for more information.

 A detailed sample in .pdf format

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Georgia Highlands College Citation Guide

Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL) MLA guide

 –  a free online bibliography and citation maker.


What is a citation?

It is a reference to a resource you have used. Your list of citations make up the bibliography, works cited, works consulted, or whatever you want to call it. According to MLA 7, it should be ordered alphabetically by author’s last name – web tools such as EasyBib do this for you.

What is an annotated bibliography and how do I make one?

An annotated bibliography consists of a citation (refer to above) and the annotation. The annotation is a short (a few sentences to a paragraph) description or critique of the citation. The annotation can include any of the following:

  • a summary of the resource
  • information on the author’s background
  • highlight possible biases of the argument
  • describe strengths / weaknesses of argument
  • whether the resource was useful

An annotated bibliography begins with the citation and is followed by the annotation. Need help?  Ask one of the Teacher-Librarians, refer to the links below, or both!

SFU Library: How to Write an Annotated Bibliography
Cornell University Library Guides: How to Prepare an Annotated Bibliography
Concordia University Libraries: How to Prepare an Annotated Bibliography


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