What is a bibliography?
It’s an alphabetical list of the resources (websites, articles, books, etc.) you used for your research. Each item in the list is called a citation.
Why do I need one?
You must credit other people’s work! If you are borrowing ideas, images, or wording from others, you must give credit to them, otherwise you are plagiarizing.
How do I make one?
- Use EasyBib to format your bibliography.
- Not sure how to use EasyBib? Check out the EasyBib Instructions I put together.
- See this guide from Concordia University (“Works Cited” is the same as “Bibliography” and MLA is the name of the most common style.)
- Ask the librarian for help at any time.
- See the sample at the end of this page.
Citations and Citation Styles (MLA, APA)
- Use MLA citation style unless your teacher tells you to use another one.
- Organize citations in alphabetical order by first word. (EasyBib will do this for you)
- If you are citing a database (e.g., Science in Context) or online encyclopedia, you can find the citation at the end of the article. Just copy and paste. For the encyclopedia, choose the MLA version.
- Citing websites:
- EasyBib will help you cite websites.
- Be sure to include a publisher in your citation. (“Np” means “no publisher.”) If you can’t find one, think twice about using the site.
- To find out who the owner/publisher of a website is, go to easywhois.com and enter the domain name. Example: davidsuzuki.org. (Don’t enter the “www” part.) The “Registrant” is the owner/publisher.
What is an annotated bibliography and how do I make one?
An annotated bibliography consists of a citation (refer to above) and the annotation. The annotation is a short (a few sentences to a paragraph) description or critique of the citation. The annotation can include any of the following:
- a summary of the resource
- information on the author’s background
- highlight possible biases of the argument
- describe strengths / weaknesses of argument
- whether the resource was useful
An annotated bibliography begins with the citation and is followed by the annotation. Need help? Ask one of the Teacher-Librarians, refer to the links below, or both!
SFU Library: How to Write an Annotated Bibliography
Cornell University Library Guides: How to Prepare an Annotated Bibliography
Concordia University Libraries: How to Prepare an Annotated Bibliography
“Darfur.” Global Issues in Context Online Collection. Detroit: Gale, 2015. Global Issues In Context. Web. 18 Dec. 2015. [database]
Kumar, Akshaya. “Darfur: The Genocide America Forgot.” AlJazeera America. AlJazeera. April 18, 2014. Web. January 16, 2016. [website]
Steele, Philip. Sudan, Darfur, and the Nomadic Conflicts. New York: Rosen, 2013. [book]