Early Settlers Project

C.R.A.A.P, Resource Evaluation Checklist

Does your website pass the CRAAP test?

Here are some sample site to explore immigration to Canada in the 1880s …

English to Canada

Demonstrates knowledge of the push-pull factors involved in European immigration to Canada at the turn of the 20th century. Includes an understanding of the diversity of experiences according to country of origin, gender, religion, government, climate, occupation, and social class.

History, Stories, Ways of Life: Immigration

The Canadian Encyclopedia
search terms
Upper Canada
Pioneer life

Pioneer Life in Upper Canada

Black Creek Pioneer Village

Discover Canada

Immigration – The Canadian Encyclopedia
Immigration Timeline – The Canadian Encyclopedia
Canadian Immigration and the Department of External Affairs – Library and Archives Canada
Moving Here, Staying Here – The Canadian Immigration Experience

Saskatchewan Settlement Experience 
This website documents the history and settlement of Saskatchewan from 1870 to 1930. The history of Saskatchewan is presented through more than 2,000 records, including photographs, documents, maps, and audio and video files. The topics covered include Landscape, Aboriginal Peoples, Steps to a Homestead, Life on the Prairies, Agriculture, Labour, Transportation and Communication, Women, Education, and Religion.

The Shamrock and the Maple Leaf: Irish-Canadian Documentary Heritage
This is an online exhibition of Irish-Canadian documentary heritage held by Library and Archives Canada where you will discover photographs, letters, books, music, and other evidence of Ireland’s influence on Canadian history and culture.

Susanna Moodie and Catherine Parr Traill
Susanna Moodie and Catharine Parr Traill are two of Canada’s most important 19th-century writers. In 1832 they immigrated with their Scottish husbands to Canada, where they recorded their lives as pioneers in books which remain famous to this day. Using original photographs and other illustrations, this website is designed to help students enter into the worlds of these two remarkable sisters.

In Quarantine: Life and Death on Grosse Île, 1832-1937
By 1830, an average of 30,000 immigrants arrived annually in the City of Québec, the main port of entry to Canada, at a time when major cholera and smallpox epidemics were sweeping through Europe. In order to help control the spread of the diseases, the quarantine station at Grosse Île, located in the St. Lawrence River downstream from the City of Québec, was established in 1832 and operated until its closure in 1937. Library and Archives Canada has used the lists of births and deaths at sea, hospital registers, journals, letters, photographs and maps to tell the story not only of the quarantine station, but also of the individuals who experienced life on the island.

New Brunswick Irish Portal: Irish Famine Migration to New Brunswick 
http://archives.gnb.ca/Irish/Default.htmlThis bilingual portal tells the story of the Irish arrival and settlement in the province of New Brunswick and includes eleven galleries such as Ireland 1845-1852, The Passage Out, Across the Broad Atlantic, and Arrival. Each features a variety of letters, documents, photos, and artists’ conceptions.

Pier 21: Canada’s Immigration Museum, Online Story Collection 
This collection includes PDF copies of stories from immigrants and veterans who passed through Pier 21 and is divided into ten major categories: Immigrants, British Home Children, Veterans, War Brides, British Evacuee Children, Jewish War Orphans, Child Migrants, Displaced People and Refugees, Hungarian Revolution Refugees, Pier 21 Staff and Volunteer Stories.


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