Immigration Resources

C.R.A.A.P, Resource Evaluation Checklist

Does your website pass the CRAAP test?

Here are some sample site to explore immigration to Canada in the 1880s …

English to Canada

Demonstrates knowledge of the push-pull factors involved in European immigration to Canada at the turn of the 20th century. Includes an understanding of the diversity of experiences according to country of origin, gender, religion, government, climate, occupation, and social class.

Anti-Slavery Movement in Canada
To commemorate the 150th anniversary of the establishment of the Anti-Slavery Society of Canada in 1851, Library and Archives Canada created this online exhibition to tell the story of the Anti-Slavery Society in Canada, early Black settlement and communities, and the effect of the American Civil War. The website includes many letters, pamphlets, paintings, and drawings about these topics.

Chinese Canadian Historical Photo Exhibit
This website provides a history of Chinese people in Canada from 1858 to current day. The website has organized Chinese-Canadian history into seven distinct time periods and includes a photo gallery, historical information, a timeline, a historical summary and resources for further reading.

Early Chinese-Canadians 1858-1947
This bilingual website includes the history of Canada’s early Chinese immigrants. Find out why they came to Canada and how they contributed to Canada’s developing economy, the community ties they formed, and how immigration policies and attitudes restricted their lives. Examine historical photographs, government documents, and letters about early Chinese immigrants in Canada. Watch a 1918 film clip of a funeral procession, listen to a 1905 recording of a Cantonese folksong, or learn about the head tax records.

Japanese Canadian
The Japanese Canadian history website is mainly designed for teachers but there are also resources for students on the internment of Japanese Canadians from 1942 to 1949 and the attainment of redress in 1988. “Internment and Redress: The Story of Japanese Canadians” is a resource guide for teachers of grade 5 Social Studies, and “Internment and Redress: The Japanese Canadian Experience” is a resource guide for Social Studies 11 teachers.

Komagata Maru: Continuing the Journey
Visitors can follow a timeline, watch video interviews, or explore the many primary sources. For teachers there are four critical thinking lesson plans designed for high school and one for grade 4. For Heritage Fairs students interested in social justice, the evolution of multiculturalism or Indo-Canadian history, this site is a must to visit.

In Quarantine: Life and Death on Grosse Île, 1832-1937
By 1830, an average of 30,000 immigrants arrived annually in the City of Québec, the main port of entry to Canada, at a time when major cholera and smallpox epidemics were sweeping through Europe. In order to help control the spread of the diseases, the quarantine station at Grosse Île, located in the St. Lawrence River downstream from the City of Québec, was established in 1832 and operated until its closure in 1937. Library and Archives Canada has used the lists of births and deaths at sea, hospital registers, journals, letters, photographs and maps to tell the story not only of the quarantine station, but also of the individuals who experienced life on the island.

New Brunswick Irish Portal: Irish Famine Migration to New Brunswick bilingual portal tells the story of the Irish arrival and settlement in the province of New Brunswick and includes eleven galleries such as Ireland 1845-1852, The Passage Out, Across the Broad Atlantic, and Arrival. Each features a variety of letters, documents, photos, and artists’ conceptions.

Pier 21: Canada’s Immigration Museum, Online Story Collection
This collection includes PDF copies of stories from immigrants and veterans who passed through Pier 21 and is divided into ten major categories: Immigrants, British Home Children, Veterans, War Brides, British Evacuee Children, Jewish War Orphans, Child Migrants, Displaced People and Refugees, Hungarian Revolution Refugees, Pier 21 Staff and Volunteer Stories.

Remembering Black Loyalists: Black Communities in Nova Scotia
This online exhibit introduces the people, places, objects, events, and stories of the more than 3,000 Black persons who came to Nova Scotia as a direct result of the American Revolution between 1783 and 1785.

Saskatchewan Settlement Experience
This website documents the history and settlement of Saskatchewan from 1870 to 1930. The history of Saskatchewan is presented through more than 2,000 records, including photographs, documents, maps, and audio and video files. The topics covered include Landscape, Aboriginal Peoples, Steps to a Homestead, Life on the Prairies, Agriculture, Labour, Transportation and Communication, Women, Education, and Religion.

The Shamrock and the Maple Leaf: Irish-Canadian Documentary Heritage
This is an online exhibition of Irish-Canadian documentary heritage held by Library and Archives Canada where you will discover photographs, letters, books, music, and other evidence of Ireland’s influence on Canadian history and culture.

Susanna Moodie and Catherine Parr Traill
Susanna Moodie and Catharine Parr Traill are two of Canada’s most important 19th-century writers. In 1832 they immigrated with their Scottish husbands to Canada, where they recorded their lives as pioneers in books which remain famous to this day. Using original photographs and other illustrations, this website is designed to help students enter into the worlds of these two remarkable sisters.

Ties that Bind: Building the CPR, Building a Place in Canada
The Ties That Bind: Building the CPR, Building a Place in Canada online virtual exhibit explores the history of the Chinese Canadians from their presence in Canada before Confederation, during the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway, through more than 60 years of legislated discrimination under the Head Tax and Exclusion Act, to the present. The website has been designed and written for a general audience as well as for teachers and students at the primary, middle and secondary school levels. There are two ways to explore the site: (1) through the histories of the railroad worker descendants by listening to audio segments, viewing image galleries, and reading biographical summaries or (2) through six themes such as Working Conditions, Head Tax, and Identity and Success.

Under a Northern Star
This website presents seven unique collections held at Library and Archives Canada that document the diverse historical experience of African Canadians and includes historical papers, photographs, and other documents that profile the life and work of people and groups who fought against slavery and racism to build settlements including Mary Ann Shadd Cary, James Douglas, Green Thurman, Black Loyalists, and the Africville settlement.

The Underground Railway Years: Canada in an International Arena
This online exhibition provides background, history and context of the Underground Railway in Canada. Each section includes a narrative intertwined with some primary and secondary sources from this time period.

William Hind’s “Overlanders of ’62 Sketchbook”
In 1862 artist WIlliam Hind joined the Overlanders, a group of gold seekers who crossed the Prairies in search of the gold fields of the Fraser and Cariboo regions. During the trip Hind produced a sketchbook documenting his travels and some of the difficulties the Overlanders faced on the undeveloped trails of the West. The 92 pages of his sketchbook retrace Hind’s journey across the Prairies.

Kids’ Site of Canadian Settlement

History, Stories, Ways of Life: Immigration

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